The western Anatolia region has hosted many civilizations throughout history, with features such as fertile lands, suitable climate, and coasts to the Marmara and Aegean seas. As a result of the surveys carried out, it is understood that the Balıkesir region witnessed the settlement of immigrants from the Balkans in the prehistoric period, especially at the end of the Chalcolithic era.
The events that took place in Balıkesir during the son period of the Ottoman State took place. The first of these is the settlement (settlement) of tribes in tents during the period of Ahmet Vefik Pasha in the city while they were nomads. Many of them were also martyred.
The earthquake that took place on January 28, 1898, at the end of the century, was quite severe; he even hissed from Çanakkale, Bursa and İzmir. Earthquakes, which occurred twice before, with mild intensity, prevented the increase in loss of life, which may be possible to ensure that the public is vigilant (prepared). But the financial loss has been much greater.
The Ottoman Empire, which entered the First World War between 1914-1918, was defeated by the war, and the Entente picture started the occupation by taking advantage of this situation. After the occupation of Izmir, the enemy advanced from Ayvalık to Balıkesir. As a result of all these changes, the first spark of the War of Independence has been sparked here by meeting in the place reading room in Kuva-yi Milliye Museum and Alaca Mescid in Balıkesir today. Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, Greek hearing was stopped and the city was liberated from its occupation on September 6, 1922.
After the proclamation of the Republic, the name of Karesi was changed and "Balıkesir" was used instead of it in accordance with the "abolition of the province names belonging to the dynasties" published by the Parliament in 1926. The city, which has been a province until today, despite all the difficulties, during the Ottoman Empire period, especially in the settlement of western Anatolia, in the conquest of Istanbul; It is of great importance in the establishment of National Forces and the War of Independence; continues to be one of the leading cities for the Republic of Turkey with its trade and economy today.