A Piece of Our Cultural Heritage: Old Balıkesir Houses
Our homes are the only places in which we spend most of our life, find our comfort and peace, share our bitter and sweet memories and many beauties. In addition, these structures, which show the lives and financial situations of their owners to some extent; At the same time, it is a kind of witness and a mirror of the stages our city has gone through in the historical process, with its architectural features and the traces they carry.
In today’s world where concrete construction surrounds us like an impenetrable fortress; These houses, which have a tree in a small courtyard, are plastered with plaster, bay windows and decorated with various flowers in their windows, where the fragrance of wood is mixed with the crunch of the melody, it is impossible not to remember those days with longing.
Although there are studies on the handicrafts and historical works of Balıkesir, there is not enough scientific research and publication on the architectural texture and houses of the city. In addition, the historical and cultural identity of our city has also been effective in the choice of subject.
Almost all of the examples that reflect the traditional housing architecture in Balıkesir are located in Dumlupınar, Aygören, Karaoğlan and Karesi neighborhoods that form the core fabric of the city. The reason for this preference is seen as the earthquakes our city has gone through. Because many buildings, although troublesome, are placed on flat ground by building basement-cellar by using the difference in elevation in the sloping land. Considering that 90% of the existing buildings have become uninhabitable especially after the 1898 earthquake, the reason for this preference can be easily understood. These few buildings that remain today belong to the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.
The buildings located between the intersecting streets in checker plan are positioned according to the land and street structure. These houses, most of which are located on sloping lands, have gone to a practical design by building spaces for storage, cellar, basement function on stone ground, using the difference in elevation, and adding this necessity to the space. Simplicity stands out on the interior and exterior facades, the reason for this should be seen as the troubled period of the country in addition to the 1898 earthquake.
In general, the main walls rising on the stone floor were built in the technique of "filling between wooden roofs" by filling brick and mud-mortar plaster between wooden beams and supports. The so-called "kitchen" is divided into service spaces such as cellars. The ground floor is generally built with small windows and closed to the street, with the understanding of "privacy" seen in Turkish architecture. The upper floors, on the other hand, sit on wooden poles with higher ceilings compared to the ground floor, and are also intertwined with the street texture with cantilever and large windows. In addition to saving room space, it became the window for our women who could not participate in social life as much as today.
HISTORICAL CITY PLACES
Yıldırım Bayezid Külliyesi / Karesi
Yıldırım Bayezid Köprüsü / Karesi
Zağnos Mehmet Paşa Külliyesi / Karesi
Karesi Türbesi / Karesi
Evliya Çelebi Camii / Bigadiç
Taksiyarhis Kilisesi / Ayvalık-Cunda
Saatli Cami (Agia İanni) / Ayvalık
Taşlı Manastır / Ayvalık
Ayışığı Manastırı / Ayvalık
Şahinler Köyü Camii / Burhaniye
Haydar Çavuş Camii / Bandırma
Ulu Paşa Kız Dede Türbesi / Bandırma-Edincik
Kirazlı Manastırı / Erdek
Saat Kulesi / Karesi
Şadırvan / Altıeylül
Yel Değirmeni / Merkez Karakol Mahallesi
Balya Madeni / Balya
Gazi Evrenos İlkokulu Binası / İvrindi
Eski Ziraat Mektebi Binası / Kepsut
Sivil Mimarlık Örneği / Dursunbey
Cüneyt Köprüsü / Sındırgı
Tarihi Konak / Susurluk-Demirkapı M.
Abdullah Efendi Konağı / Edremit-Altınoluk
Başdeğirmen Köprüsü / Edremit
Belediye Binası / Gömeç
Belediye Binası / Havran
Özaydınlar Konağı / Havran
İskele Binası / Bandırma
Eski Gar Oteli / Bandırma
Edincik Evleri / Bandırma