The date when the district was founded, which is 50 km from Balıkesir center, and where the name of the district came from is not known. In addition to the settlement remains belonging to the Hellenistic and Roman periods, tumuli belonging to the Greek and Persian civilizations were also found.
While it is adjacent to Karesi in the east of Balya district, Gönen and Manyas in the north, İvrindi in the south, Çanakkale province is located in the west. 70% of the county lands with a surface area of 952 km² consists of mountainous areas. Therefore, although the application area of agricultural activities is limited, the main source of income of the district is agriculture. Fruit growing, viticulture, forestry and animal husbandry have an important place in the economy of the district. So much so that butter is one of the important animal products that has become famous recently.
Balya is also known throughout the country for its silvery lead mine. It is stated that there is information that these mines have been processed since the Roman period. The oldest document regarding the operation of the mines in the Ottoman period is dated 1651 and the mines operated as the main economic resource of the district until 1940. In addition to the silvery lead mine that has been put into operation again, it is predicted that the district will show a bright development with new industrial planning.
Kadıköy Recreation Area, the Old Mine Site from the French period, the Tannery Bridge, the tombstones from the Ottoman period and the inscriptions are the main attractions of the district that should be visited; Balya Dağ Hot Spring, 22 km from Şamlı junction of Balıkesir-Bursa road, is a thermal facility that is good for calcification, sciatica, rheumatism and skin diseases. In addition, one of the most important features of Balya thermal springs is the unique sandboxes in the world. Thermal water boiling naturally through the sand is more hygienic and effective than other mud baths.